The scorecard uses a combination of absolute and relative metrics. While some metrics, such as productivity, are measured in absolute terms, the Intensity category uses relative metrics to account for each country's population and economy size.
Because of the use of relative metrics, the Intensity category allows you to compare large countries to each other, and it also identifies small countries with strong biotechnology activities.
The Intensity metrics also focus on inputs. Accordingly, countries that rank highly in this category may represent ideal locations for research facilities, or to look for partners.
The chart below shows the country scores for Intensity, ordered by rank and alphabetically by country name. Scroll down to the Intensity metrics for highlights of top performers in each metric.
Scores in these individual metrics are averaged to produce the overall category score shown above